काेराेना भाइरसकाे अर्काे रुप डेल्टा भेरिन्ट

What is a variant? 

Multiple variants of the virus that causes COVID-19 have been identified globally during the COVID-19 pandemic. Variants are determined by their genetic sequences. It's important to understand that genetic mutations of the virus that causes COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, are expected and that there are many strains of the virus.  Public health, academic, and clinical partners are working together to sequence the genetic material of the virus in California. The term variants being monitored (VBM) is used to describe a variant for which there are data indicating a potential or clear impact on treatment or that has been associated with more severe disease or increased transmission but are no longer detected or are circulating at very low levels, and as such, do not pose a significant and imminent risk to the public. The term variant of interest (VOI) is used to describe a newly emerging variant for which the medical and public health importance is not yet known. If a variant is thought to be more contagious or likely to cause greater illness or severe disease or may impact treatment or vaccine response, then it is considered a variant of concern (VOC).   

How are variants identified? 

Multiple variants of the virus that causes COVID-19 have been identified globally during the COVID-19 pandemic. Variants are determined by their genetic sequences. It's important to understand that genetic mutations of the virus that causes COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, are expected, and that there are many strains of the virus.  Public health, academic, and clinical partners are working together to sequence the genetic material of the virus in California. The term variant of interest (VOI) is used to describe a newly emerging variant for which the medical and public health importance is not yet known. If a variant is thought to be more contagious or likely to cause greater illness or severe disease, or may impact treatment or vaccine response, then it is considered a variant of concern (VOC).  

Why are we tracking variants?

Scientists and public health officials are studying variants to learn more about how to control their spread. They want to understand whether the variants:

  • Spread more easily from person-to-person
  • Cause milder or more severe disease in people
  • Are detected by currently available viral tests
  • Respond to medicines currently being used to treat people for COVID-19
  • Change the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines

Published on 03 Oct, 2021 Published by KYC USA

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